Posted 7 мая 2021,, 16:24
Published 7 мая 2021,, 16:24
Modified 24 декабря 2022,, 22:37
Updated 24 декабря 2022,, 22:37
However, this forecast is not categorical, Vilfand said. He explained that there are several concepts of temperature regime - above normal, below normal, normal. And now the Northern Hemisphere is painted over in red - this means exceeding the norm.
In particular, the probability that the air temperature in European Russia and the Urals will be above normal is almost 50%. And on the territory of the Asian part of Russia - more than 60%.
According to RIA Novosti, the forecast of the World Meteorological Organization coincided with the forecast of Russian forecasters. However, it is only probabilistic. Moreover, precipitation at the moment cannot be predicted at all.
In an interview with Sputnik radio, the head of the Greenpeace climate project in Russia, Vasily Yablokov, told for whom and where it would be most difficult to endure the "red heat" if the forecast about it is confirmed.
"During heatwaves, the greatest risk is in cities. Heat is associated with episodes of very high air pollution, because harmful substances are not dispersed in the atmosphere. In addition, in cities, the temperature rises more due to the nature of the building. Such deviations from the norm can adversely affect people suffering from cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases", - he explained.
There are two levels of protection against high temperatures, the expert added. At the individual level, a person can only leave the most dangerous areas.
"The simplest recommendation is to try not to be in the city during this period. You should try to spend dangerous time in the countryside, because the temperature there is lower. If this is not possible, then it is worth staying more near natural areas inside the city, there is a better microclimate. avoid the central parts of the city", - advised Vasily Yablokov.
At the state level, it is possible to defend against such disasters by changing urban development, he said.
"We need to adapt to climate change, as there will be more and more such episodes in the future. The main measure for the adaptation of cities is greening, as well as the construction of houses with" green "roofs. On the other hand, it is necessary to reduce greenhouse gas emissions", - said Vasily Yablokov.