Posted 28 января 2022,, 10:04
Published 28 января 2022,, 10:04
Modified 24 декабря 2022,, 22:38
Updated 24 декабря 2022,, 22:38
"Since our country is "on the verge of the irrevocable death of high-quality mass school in Russia", - he added.
Aleksey Savvatteyev is one of those representatives of the education sector who are not afraid to speak openly about the catastrophic situation in which Russian education is now.
Only unlike many, Savvateyev not only criticizes the current situation, but also offers very specific ways to solve numerous problems in education.
Novye Izvestia publishes the text of the Manifesto for saving mass schools in Russia (source: savvateev.xyz )
Will these saving proposals be heard by the country's leadership?!
MANIFESTO TO SAVE PUBLIC SCHOOL IN RUSSIA
Description of the situation
At present, mass school education, especially outside the two capitals, is in a state of progressive disintegration.
This is evidenced by numerous interviews with the rectors of provincial universities, to which students who do not know the very basics come to study.
The average USE scores, which do not change much from year to year, should not deceive anyone: after all, this happens in conditions where the topics of assignments have not changed for many years, students have been preparing for specific options almost from the 5th grade, and there are many manuals for specific tasks , analysis on the Internet, etc.
The results of the exam are subject to " Goodhart 's law ". What happens if the variant structure is changed? One can only guess. In addition, every year the gap between Moscow and the provinces is growing - the results of the Unified State Examination in Moscow are higher in all parameters that can be thought of. The public access to free education declared in Article 43 of the Constitution is not ensured.
In many regions there is an acute shortage of teachers (sometimes up to half of their number): low salaries, a huge amount of reporting, professional burnout, aging and lack of prestige of the profession lead to the departure of literate teachers from schools. As a result, in the average school, the quality of education is rapidly declining, and schooling itself in high school in most cases comes down to coaching for the Unified State Examination, most often for money and after school hours.
It is clear that the loyalty to their country and their state of those few students whose parents found money for additional classes turns out to be low; a significant percentage of them seek to leave their homeland after graduation from the university.
At present, Russian education does not have an explicit social purpose and is in no way connected with the real arrangement of the life of students after graduation. Mass education in the country is actually subordinated to the external goals imposed on it: to master new technologies, enter some ratings, and certainly “transform” somewhere. In the current conditions, the real task of the school is narrowed down to issuing a certificate, by hook or by crook (by untruth, much more often - everyone knows how VPR is carried out in schools).
Against this background, the crisis in the training of school teachers is gaining momentum. At the moment, the lower limit of points for submitting documents to a pedagogical university is approximately 35 points out of 100 for the Unified State Examination. Behind this indicator is hidden the low status of pedagogical universities as "sumps" for those who are unable to enroll in other universities.
Objectively, a situation has developed in which teacher training universities train not worthy specialists, but “worst of the worst”. As a result, the influx of new teachers into mass schools is extremely low, and even young teachers often know very little about the subjects they teach.
The situation is aggravated by initiatives for the speedy introduction of digital technologies in school education (like saving classes , and now there is also a strategy for the digital transformation of schools signed by Prime Minister M.V. Mishustin !), which are essentially aimed at solving the problem of staff shortages through partial or complete replacement of teachers "technologies": artificial intelligence, remote consultations "with the best metropolitan teachers", video lessons and interactive content.
It should be noted that, according to the opinion of all persons involved in the real educational process, film adaptation is neither a full-fledged, nor even a “crutch” replacement for a living pedagogical process, not to mention the fact that the educational function of education disappears altogether.
Russia is on the verge of the irretrievable death of high-quality mass school education. Literally 5 more years, and only the elite segment of school education, which covers a tiny fraction of all students in Russia, will function normally in the country.
Mass school education is a tool for leveling opportunities: education, socialization and upbringing together form a social lift that has 2 goals: a) adaptation of new generations to life in society and b) providing them with the basic knowledge necessary to preserve and pass on to the next generations of the national cultural code.
The collapse of mass school education in Russia will lead in a few years to two main, almost insoluble problems:
Our goal is the revival of high-quality mass school education, which will ensure 1) the preservation and reproduction of modern society in Russia and 2) an evolutionary, non- catastrophic (non-revolutionary) path of political development of our country in the near future.
It is necessary to form a realistic idea of an education model that will achieve the goal. It is about answering the questions: 1) who will teach at school, 2) what to teach and 3) how to teach.
It should be noted that we do not plan to affect specialized, elite and private schools, including we do not plan to apply leveling measures to them or somehow put pressure on them. Below we are talking only about the segment of public general education schools.
"Who will teach at school?" (Answer: teachers)
1) A significant rapid increase in the social status and prestige of the profession "school teacher".
2) Release of school teachers from the burden of bureaucratic reporting, its minimization for subject teachers.
Requirement of maximum information transparency of statistics of the Ministry of Education. In parallel with the requirement to reduce the reporting required from teachers, the mandatory publication by the Ministry of the maximum amount of information on the real state of affairs in schools throughout Russia should be required. First of all, you need information about:
3) Reducing the bloated, overburdened workload of school teachers to reasonable levels.
4) Giving school teachers a status similar to that of civil servants.
5) Revival of the system of higher pedagogical education.
6) Priority - the revival of the mass primary school.
"What will they teach at school?" (Tutorials)
1) Emphasis on obtaining fundamental knowledge.
2) Revision of textbooks and manuals used in public schools.
"How will they teach at school?" (Methods)
1) The basis of school education is teaching by teachers live, face to face with students.
2) Digitalization is a secondary and auxiliary tool for teaching in schools.
3) Instructivism as the basis of mass school education.
4) The return of final exams and the variation of the exam.
Stop deceiving ourselves and our children! The current true level of their knowledge should be revealed.
Summarizing what has been said,
We doubt that there are easy ways to save the mass school, which is currently in a deep systemic crisis. High-quality mass education - namely, education, which includes not only the teaching of individual subjects, but also socialization, as well as the upbringing of the younger generation - is, in principle, unattainable "through the screen".
Victory in the “artificial intelligence race” requires the return to schools of competent and responsible teachers, as well as wise managers (instead of “effective managers”!) China has already understood this (judging by the content of their education reform). It's time for us to understand.