Posted 18 ноября 2022,, 16:53

Published 18 ноября 2022,, 16:53

Modified 24 декабря 2022,, 22:38

Updated 24 декабря 2022,, 22:38

Integrated development of territories without borders: will dachas and country houses fall under renovation?

Integrated development of territories without borders: will dachas and country houses fall under renovation?

18 ноября 2022, 16:53
The building complex expands the sphere of influence. Renovation, beautifully called "integrated development of territories" has reached the suburbs.

Summer residents sounded the alarm: there were rumors that they would fall under renovation and may lose suburban areas, in place of which cottages and apartment buildings will appear.

Irina Mishina

The noise rose after the initiative to expand the categories of land plots for complex development. It was presented by the construction complex represented by the Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs (RSPP) and the Russian Union of Builders.

Are there any more restrictions for renovation?

The resolution of the meeting of the commission of the RSPP on the construction complex was at the disposal of our editors. It really expands the powers of the construction complex and actually deprives developers of any boundaries. Judge for yourself, the Union of Builders and the Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs proposes that the Ministry of Construction and the State Duma lift "the ban on the exclusion of an apartment building from the decision on the Integrated Development of Territories after the auction." That is, any apartment building, in fact, can now theoretically fall under renovation. Residents of apartment buildings in the center, where land is worth its weight in gold, were especially worried. The redistribution of land may well leave them without real estate with the prospect of moving to a suburb abounding in “humans”.

Also, the construction complex proposes to lift the ban on changing the boundaries of security and protective objects of cultural heritage in the "integrated development of territories", as well as to remove restrictions on the conduct of historical and cultural expertise. That is, territories with monuments of history, culture and antiquity can be freely developed by construction lobbies. The same is true for protected natural areas.

But all these measures fade against the background of another proposal of the mentioned resolution: it is about "the possibility of implementing projects for the integrated development of territories of residential construction in territories fully occupied by individual housing construction projects, residential buildings of block building and garden houses".

This measure has already been dubbed “dacha renovation”. And all this will not happen sometime, but already now, because the meeting participants considered it necessary to ask the Ministry of Construction, the State Duma and the Federation Council to ensure that these measures are considered in the autumn session when considering the draft federal law “On Amendments to the Town Planning Code of the Russian Federation and Certain Legislative Acts Russian Federation".

Who is at risk of losing suburban real estate?

Some sources, citing experts, note that residents of dachas may be offered to move to multi-apartment or low-rise buildings, the cost per square meter of which will be lower than the national average price of 83 thousand rubles. At the same time, it is not superfluous to recall that during the discussion of changes to the Urban Planning Code, emergency dacha buildings were allowed to be included in the CRT projects. In this regard, the chairman of the trade union of Russian gardeners, Lyudmila Golosova, expressed reasonable concerns. According to her, investors may be interested in new lands located near cities or within the city, with ready-made infrastructure occupied by summer cottages. Golosova spoke in favor of providing summer residents with adequate territories with the same infrastructure and in favor of a market valuation of buildings.

So what about cottages? Not everyone is ready to sacrifice them for the sake of mythical cottages. However, Alexander Yakubovsky, a member of the State Duma Committee on Construction and Housing and Utilities , is radical: “There is a very lack of opportunity to implement Integrated development of territories and residential development projects in areas with individual housing construction, including garden houses. These lands have huge urban development potential! It is necessary to supplement part 2 of article 65 of the Civil Code with provisions that allow the implementation of a project for the integrated development of territories even within those boundaries in which there are objects that do not correspond to the types of permitted use, including garden houses..."

We turned to the Russian Union of Builders for a comment. Here is what Konstantin Porotsky, co-chairman of the RCC committee on interaction between developers and homeowners, told NI:

“In Russia, in total, about 260 territories are allocated for renovation. The Law on Renovation already makes it possible to include in the integrated development of the territories houses on land plots in the status of individual housing construction. But in most cases this should not apply to dachas: SNTs are located on agricultural lands outside the territory of settlements. In order for SNT to fall under the Integrated Development of Territories, the desire of at least 50% and 2/3 of the residents of the SNT is required. But before that, SNT must be included in the boundaries of the territories of the settlement. The Law on Renovation contains a clause about dilapidated and dilapidated apartment buildings. But they must first be registered as dilapidated and emergency, the repair cost of which exceeds the average for the region, only after that the object can fall under the CRT program if more than 2/3 of the residents agree. Thus, it is impossible to talk about the total renovation of dachas".

Life under the wing of an airplane

We also asked the Russian Union of Builders about the development of territories adjacent to airfields. This has caused controversy and controversy lately. As you know, back in 2018, all airports in Russia were required to establish the borders of the seventh subzone on the aerodrome territories. Residential construction in any form is not allowed within this conditional line. Houses, dachas, recreation centers, etc. - prohibited. However, only a few have fulfilled these requirements. And construction began ... At the same time, fires and fires have often occurred near airfields due to fuel leaks and drains. Suffice it to recall the fire in the Crimea in the village of Novofedorovka, Saki district, in August. Then, by common efforts, the fire that occurred at the military airfield was localized. “Until 2021, for the development of the near-aerodrome zone, it was necessary to obtain the consent of the Federal Air Transport Agency. This measure has now been abolished. It is possible to include near-aerodrome zones in the zone of integrated development of territories, it is only necessary to obtain a planning project, an urban development plan and coordinate all this with the Federal Air Transport Agency", - Konstantin Porotsky, co-chairman of the RCC committee on interaction between developers and homeowners, explained to NI.

It is impossible not to notice that development is becoming almost limitless and little regulated, which cannot but affect the quality of life of people.