Posted 26 декабря 2022, 10:18
Published 26 декабря 2022, 10:18
Modified 26 декабря 2022, 14:23
Updated 26 декабря 2022, 14:23
A team of scientists from Egypt and England reconstructed the appearance of Ramses II, one of the most powerful pharaohs of Ancient Egypt, the Daily Mail reports.
Ramses II remained in history due to the scale and number of monuments that were erected during his reign, the third ruler of the XIX dynasty, he ascended the throne at the age of twenty and ruled for 67 years, from 1279 to 1213 BC. According to historians, his era was the peak of the power of the Pharaohs, no wonder Ramses II bore the honorary title A- nakhtu, that is, the "Winner".
Scientists from Cairo University and Liverpool John Moores University restored the pharaoh's lifetime appearance using computed tomography. Scanning the remains of the pharaoh's mummy helped to create a 3D model of his skull, based on which scientists "completed" his face. The reconstruction of the face takes place in stages: the surface of the skull, the muscle structure, the fat layer and finally the skin.
However, a skull may not be enough to fully restore a person's appearance: scientists had to speculate on such important details as skin color, wrinkles, hair and eye color. They added these features based on the information contained in the texts, as well as from the analysis of the preserved mummified soft tissues of the face. Nevertheless, according to scientists, the details of the skeleton can reliably recreate the appearance of a person.
The new work is the only scientific reconstruction of the face of Ramesses II, based on computed tomography of his mummy, previous attempts can be called free, since the mummy's face was taken as a basis. The authors of the new reconstruction believe that they have a "very beautiful" ruler with a "pronounced nose and a powerful jaw."
Details of the reconstruction were presented in the documentary L'Egypte, une passion française, which was shown on the French channel France 3.