Posted 6 января 13:06
Published 6 января 13:06
Modified 6 января 17:25
Updated 6 января 17:25
The results of the study published in the journal Science, cited by The Washington Post, show that even with minimal warming, about 104,000 of the more than 215,000 mountain glaciers and ice caps in the world will melt, raising the global ocean level by 7-8 cm. This, in turn, will lead to the flooding of significant coastal areas around the world, as well as the disappearance from the maps of a number of island states.
Glaciers with a size of less than 1 sq. km located in Central Europe, Western Canada and the USA are most at risk. These changes are already clearly visible, for example, in the Swiss Alps.
According to the study, writes Forbes, in the coming decades, dozens of states, including those located in areas of melting glaciers, will begin to experience a shortage of drinking water, which by the end of the century will cost more than oil and gold.
According to experts, the crisis of water resources will acquire a truly global scale by 2040-2050, which will inevitably lead to structural changes in the world, including in the global economy.
It would seem that there should be enough water for everyone, but due to its shortage, 4 billion people, that is, almost half of the world's population, are already suffering today.
According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Brazil (8,233 km3), Russia (4,507 km3), Canada (2,902 km3), Indonesia (2,838 km3), China (2,830 km3), Colombia (2,132 km3) remain the owners of the largest freshwater resources today, USA (2,071 km3), Peru (1,913 km3) and India (1,897 km3).