Posted 30 июня, 09:57
Published 30 июня, 09:57
Modified 30 июня, 14:51
Updated 30 июня, 14:51
The model of the exchange of nuclear strikes looks like this: first, Russia strikes at targets. Within 10 minutes, American submarines based in northern Norway launch ballistic missiles. Russia launches its missiles from submarines off the coast of Canada. After a few minutes, they hit targets in the United States. This model was presented by scientists at the University of Rattray (USA) in the journal «Nature».
If one side launches a nuclear strike, the other detects it before the missiles hit the target. Therefore, for the development of events, it does not matter who started first, scientists say and confirm this thesis with models created with the help of AI, the Times magazine confirms the conclusions.
After striking, an electromagnetic pulse with a power of thousands of volts is created, which destroys all electronics and electricity-generating capacities on the planet. The next strikes will destroy the command centers of the countries and nuclear launchers. Ballistic intercontinental missiles hit targets half an hour after launch.
Major cities will be the main targets, since decision-making centers are located there. In addition, megacities, if they persist, will be able to become centers for restoring life after nuclear strikes, and the belligerents do not want to allow this by any means. The temperature from the epicenter of the explosions will reach values in the core of the Sun, so people who are hit will simply evaporate.
The shock wave will turn buildings and structures into piles of garbage. A fiery wind will pass through the planet, burning everything in its path.
After Hiroshima, the world's capitals became even larger, so in the event of a nuclear strike, much more nuclear dust is formed. Now there are 50 times more people living in Moscow than in Hiroshima then, so dozens of times more dust will get into the atmosphere. A dust cloud will cover the planet for decades.
Scientists have calculated that the average annual temperature in rural areas will drop by 20 degrees per year, and in cities — by 40 degrees.
If a nuclear war starts tomorrow, 5 billion people who live in the Northern Hemisphere, or 99% of the population of the United States, Europe, Russia and China, will die of hunger.
In the Southern Hemisphere, the population will remain in Australia and southern Africa, but many will die of hunger. Australia does not produce wheat itself and buys 50% of grain on world markets. Obviously, the survivors will rush to Australia and New Zealand.
Similar studies were already conducted in the 1980s. The new data allow us to consider different nuclear options. If there is an exchange of nuclear strikes between India and Pakistan, 2 billion people will die, a nuclear war will slow the United States and Russia, which possesses 90% of the world's nuclear weapons, will lead to the death of two and a half times as many people and cause a nuclear winter on the planet.
According to scientists, the war will last one week, and the nuclear winter will last at least 10 years.
Scientists are modeling various variants of the consequences of a nuclear conflict for the food situation in the world, both taking into account agriculture and fishing. For nuclear powers, food production will be reduced by 86% in the event of a global conflict. In addition to direct destruction, radioactive contamination of territories and reservoirs will make most of these territories uninhabitable.
The study does not consider what will happen to the birth rate on the planet after nuclear strikes, what forms of work and trade will be possible for those who survived the nuclear Apocalypse. But there is one conclusion: a decrease in sunlight, global cooling and disunity will make life for the survivors a hell no less than for those who will die in the furnace of nuclear explosions.