Exactly 60 years ago, the legend of world cinema, Marilyn Monroe, passed away. By that time I had already been born and therefore could remember the impact the image of Marilyn had on the Soviet cultural environment.
Yes, one that she was actively disliked, called an empty, bad and mediocre actress, and also a media product of the consumer society. Even I believed in this nonsense in my youth. Once in the "Soviet Screen" I read a memorable maxim: we here in the USSR are more sympathetic to cinematic Cinderella than all sorts of overdresses and peplums. Although the article was just a prelude to the gaudy and peplum - the world blockbuster Spartak.
However, a strange thing that even I, a pioneer, could not help but notice. "Razfufyra" Marilyn left behind such a number of film stamps that good Soviet actors and actresses never dreamed of. So I think Marilyn, rather, they scolded from a sense of inferiority and turn on.
And stamps - this is what you are drawn to repeat. This and the famous sexy drafty dress (“The Seven Year Itch”, 1955). And the conqueror of gentlemen in pink (“Gentlemen Prefer Blondes”, 1953) - then Madonna quoted this image in her video. And, of course, only those who remembered Marilyn could decipher the “quote” over the years.
And many, many more...
Obviously, the assertion was also untenable that Marilyn was a bad actress who would not have been taken to the Bolshoi or, at worst, to the Maly Soviet Theater to play Ostrovsky - a ray of light in a dark kingdom.
The main thing is that the camera loved her, and in the frame she was so organic, as if it cost her absolutely nothing - to sing, dance, flirt. Her movements were mesmerizing, and such charisma is certainly a sign of scenic uniqueness.
When Marilyn was no longer alive, the communist leaders for some reason also fell in love with Marilyn and, taking advantage of the absence of the main ideologist of the regime Suslov at the meeting, held a resolution on the rental of the film with Monroe "Some Like It Hot", 1959, in the Soviet Union. In the Soviet version, it was named ambiguously, with an unintentional allusion to a certain LGDPT, "Only girls in jazz."
The film hit the Soviet screen in 1966 and immediately became the leader in viewing, despite the limited number of copies, and the Soviet viewer was able to see for himself what a miracle this Monroe was. The film was watched by almost 44 million viewers, more than "Chapaev", which was allegedly watched by only 30 million people.
"Was" - because Marilyn Monroe hypothetically committed suicide in 1962. On her death, the liberal Soviet poet Andrei Voznesensky wrote the following poem in 1963: “I am Merlin, Merlin. I am the heroine / of suicide and heroin. / Who are my dahlias burning for? / Who did the phones talk to? / Who in the dressing room squeaks with moose? / Unbearable ... ”It was meant that Marilyn died of loneliness in the city of the Yellow Devil.
Deciphering this poem, Soviet criticism claimed: Voznesensky's "Monologue of Marilyn Monroe" is a cross-section of the consumer society, the rise and fall of its heroes." In general, in the USSR they were very fond of the "fall" of Western stars.
However, not only the "fall" dragged the image of Marilyn through decades of chaotically changing Soviet society. In parallel, the image of another charismatic hero of the sixties was developing - John Fitzgerald Kennedy, who was also very loved in the USSR, suspecting him almost of a communist, a friend of the USSR. Although in reality Kennedy was, of course, an opponent of communism, and Khrushchev and Kennedy almost killed each other and at the same time the whole world in the Caribbean crisis.
But Kennedy was also the author of the first détente. Thanks to Kennedy, Khrushchev and his entourage traveled to the United States, and from there, like Don Rumata from It's Hard to Be a God, they brought all sorts of things corrupting militarized Soviet socialism, like Coca-Cola, chewing gum, supermarkets, The Magnificent Seven and ... Marilyn Monroe.
Kennedy in the USSR was very loved and very worried, they even cried when he was shot by a repatriate from the USSR, Lee Harvey Oswald. Even today, liberal writer Dmitry Petrov will write a book of absolutely apologetic content, The Red Prince of America, about Kennedy. However, such popularity of the American president did not always seem timely and politically harmless to the Russian leaders. From here, from time to time, the theme "There are stains on Kennedy" also pedaled.
"Spots" is, of course, Marilyn Monroe.
As it turned out, Marilyn was familiar, or rather, simply and clearly slept with both Kennedys - John and Robert, that is, she walked on a razor's edge. And they shared it with each other, not embarrassed by their wives. And Marilyn was closely monitored by the FBI, because there was a fear that conversations with Kennedy about politics would leak into third parties. In addition, Marilyn at that time was already an obvious psychopath, sitting on psychotropic substances, and posed a threat to the reputation of the highest American power.
A justified suspicion arose: had they finally threatened her out of harm's way? As it would be done under another - a totalitarian regime.
Emma Cooper's new reconstruction documentary The Mystery of Marilyn Monroe: The Unheard Tapes, filmed on the Netflix platform, is devoted to the investigation of this circumstance. And, in fact, the investigation was to re- shovel through all the interviews related to Marilyn and get an objective picture of what happened.
As you can see, this picture today is as follows: neither Kennedy nor the FBI killed Monroe. I mean physically. However, it is known for certain that her personal life was all covered with listening devices with a range of up to seven kilometers, and she was really closely monitored, especially during the period of American nuclear tests, fearing that information about the true intentions of the American administration (the fears were justified). Robert did communicate with Marilyn on the last day, and their conversation ended in a quarrel.
And what else is known for certain that the charismatic Democratic president and his brother, the Attorney General, ended up doing dirty things with the girl, did not protect her when necessary, but made her a toy of their entertainment, demonstrating a certain ethical promiscuity, as if they were not democrats at all.
And thus still ... killed.