As it is written in the published draft resolution on “support for labor migration of youth”, the measure “is aimed at stimulating internal labor migration of young people from labor-surplus to labor-deficient entities and meeting the needs of import-substituting enterprises”.
Dagestan, Ingushetia, Altai, Tyva, North Ossetia, Kabardino-Balkaria, Karachay-Cherkessia and Chechnya are proposed to be classified as “labor-surplus” regions, where the highest unemployment rate was recorded in January-March 2022.
But it seems that the inhabitants of the country evaluate their employment prospects somewhat differently than the labor authorities do, economist Dmitry Prokofiev comments on the situation on his channel. Just in the Caucasus, people do not see problems with work - unlike residents of Russian regions.
According to a survey recently conducted by Otkritie Bank and Rosgosstrakh insurance company, 29% of residents of the North Caucasus believe that the structural changes that have begun in the country are opening up new opportunities and prospects for employment. In the Far East, the Urals and the Central Federal District, there are half as many such optimists - 14% each.
56% of respondents believe that the risks of losing their jobs have now increased. Moreover, in Moscow and the Moscow Region, as well as in the Central Federal District, 63% of respondents said this.
44% see the risk of losing their jobs personally: this figure is highest in the Moscow region (53%), and the lowest in other regions is in the North Caucasus (29%) and Siberia (33%). In St. Petersburg and the Leningrad region, the proportion of "pessimists" is 49%.
However, the Otkritie survey shows that respondents in the North Caucasus also believe that "unemployment in Russia will grow." True, this figure is minimal in the Caucasus - 38%. In the regions where the Ministry of Labor plans to send young people from the North Caucasus, from 44 to 48% of respondents expect an increase in unemployment.