On March 25, 2020, the whole country, having abandoned its affairs, clung to the TV screens - everyone wanted to see and hear the first appeal of Vladimir Putin to the nation about the coronavirus epidemic.
Already at the fifth minute of his speech, the President of Russia said:
"We need to support families with children"
Details followed: the next three months, families will receive an additional 5 thousand rubles. Vladimir Putin said: payments for children from 0 to 3 years old should begin in April, and for children from 3 to 7 years old, not in July, as planned earlier, but in June.
President Putin did not say anything about children aged 7 to 18.
Later it turns out that assistance to families with children from 3 to 7 years old will be provided not when the President said in June, but when the coronavirus epidemic ends. In any case, the operators of the Coronavirus Operational Headquarters, headed by Deputy Prime Minister T. Golikova, respond in this way (documentary evidence is available to the editorial office).
Those 35% of parents surveyed by Online Market Intelligence (OMI) and the Platform’s Social Design Center , mentioned in the title of the article, complain that it became harder for them to live during the period of coronavirus and the introduction of distance learning.
The increase in the load on parents in the opinion poll is explained by the fact that fathers and mothers began to engage in an unusual business for them - that is, because of the self-isolation regime, they are forced to partially fulfill the function of teachers - that is, to explain and prompt.
This problem is serious, but it is nothing compared to the material difficulties that people faced during the period of self-isolation. Especially acute shortage of funds due to work stoppage or dismissal, felt the regions. In many of them, and we have already written about this, in families both money and products ended simultaneously.
It must be said right away that the opinion poll in question was conducted at the request of NI. In this way, we tried to find out why the state, during the coronavirus pandemic, decided to provide financial support not to all children, but only to two age categories - children from 0 to 3 years old and from 3 to 7 years old?
As a result, we received a public opinion poll in which nothing was said about the material problems of the parents during the period of self-isolation, but as they say: "what has grown is grown!"
They decided to start the investigation of “NI” in order to find out the number of children aged 0 to 3 years, whose parents have the right to materiel - that is, to find out the number of families in which there are two children, and one of them is very small.
We requested Rosstat, but we were told that such statistics are not kept.
Rosstat said that they know the total number of children, the number of children aged 7 to 18 years, and the number of children aged 3 to 7 years.
It would seem that could be easier? It is not a difficult arithmetic task: to subtract two groups from the total number of children, and we will find out the number of children in the third group - those who are from 0 to 3 years old.
It turned out that everything is much more complicated - more complicated, because the government promised to provide material assistance only to those families with a child from 0 to 3 years old, in which there is a second child, and even Rosstat does not have these data ...
Now we explain why it is impossible to calculate how many children from 0 to 3 in Russia by a simple arithmetic operation.
According to the Federal State Statistics Service, as of January 1, 2020, the number of children in Russia amounted to 30,370,366 people.
Schoolchildren and preschoolers from them - that is, the total number of children from 3 to 18 years old - 25 609 535.
Therefore, children aged 0 to 3 years - 4 762 831.
But the question is: do all these almost 5 million families have a second child?
Here, even without Rosstat, you can safely give the answer: of course, not all!
This means that not 5 million families will receive state aid, but only a part of them - maybe half or a third. It seems to us that we should operate with a figure of 2.5 million families.
So, we “add up” the number of children aged 3 to 7 years inclusive - it is 9 603 471 people and 2 million 500 thousand, and we get - 12 million 762 thousand 831.
It turns out that the state during the period of the coronavirus epidemic and self-isolation decided to help just over one third of Russian families with children.
Of course, as they say: thanks for that.
However, the question itself arises: why did almost 19 million families decide not to provide any help at all?
"NI" tried to find the answer to this question.
We asked the director of the SROO "Committee of Large Families" to conduct a survey of parents included in this public association.
Irina Aleshina immediately responded to our request, and here are the results we received literally an hour later:
So, this opinion poll suggests that the vast majority of parents believe that they experience the greatest financial difficulties from the moment when their children go to school.
Two opinion polls lead to the conclusion that most of the expenses associated with raising children are in the families in which the children attend school, and they experience the greatest moral and psychological difficulties.
More than a thousand people answered the questions of the opinion poll conducted by the Social Crisis Center.
The results of the opinion poll of the Committee of Large Families, which we cited, were formed on the opinion of 201 people.
Can it be considered objective enough?
To justify ourselves and Irina Aleshina, we can state the following: the director of the Committee did not send us the final version, organized at our request of the opinion poll, despite all our requests, for objective reasons.
The fact is that Irina actively helped to collect information for us, which later became part of the article "NI" " Crying from the regions: the state has nothing to help the poor and large families."
After the publication of the article, Irina Aleshina wrote that she and the school where her child was studying “flew”, in other words, the “NI” story about the extremely difficult situation in which the large and poor families of the Saratov region did not like .
After that, Irina didn’t interrupt communication with us, but she also did not send the final result of the opinion poll on the highest costs for the children of her parents ...
1. Why did the state decide to provide financial assistance to the smallest number of families with children?
2. Why was it decided not to provide assistance to those families who need it most?