According to The Guardian, citing two interlocutors of the publication, the Second Service of the FSB of Russia - the Service for the Protection of the Constitutional System and the Fight against Terrorism - is behind Navalny's poisoning.
“Sources suggest that the service conducted the operation not to kill the politician, but to warn him and force him to leave Russia”, - notes The Insider.
The Kremlin has repeatedly denied its involvement in the poisoning of Navalny, while emphasizing its negative attitude towards politics. The country's top leadership offered various versions of what happened, including one so absurd that Navalny allegedly "could have poisoned himself for the sake of PR".
Navalny is convinced that Putin is personally behind his poisoning. He stated this in several interviews, including a conversation with journalists from Spiegel magazine and an online meeting with blogger Yuri Dud.
Navalny got sick on August 20 on a plane flying from Tomsk to Moscow. Thanks to the emergency landing of the liner in Omsk and urgent resuscitation measures, the life of the poisoned Navalny was saved. Since August 22, he continued his treatment at the Berlin clinic "Charite". For more than two weeks, the politician was in a coma. After 34 days, he was discharged from the hospital and is now continuing to undergo rehabilitation outside the clinic.
After examining the politician's analyzes, toxicology experts from the Bundeswehr and the OPCW came to the conclusion that Navalny had been poisoned with the Novichok nerve poison, namely, a new, improved version of the poisonous substance previously used against Sergei and Yulia Skripal in Salisbury. The police suspect the use of the poison by the employees of the Russian special services who entered the UK under the fictitious names "Petrov" and "Boshirov".
After studying the documents on the poisoning of Navalny, on October 15, the EU imposed sanctions against the first deputy head of the presidential administration Sergei Kiriyenko, FSB director Alexander Bortnikov, two deputy defense ministers Alexei Krivoruchko and Pavel Popov, head of the presidential internal policy department Andrei Yarin and Putin's plenipotentiary district of Sergey Menyailo. In addition to being banned from entering EU countries, they are also threatened with freezing their assets there.
Never before have such high-ranking Russian officials come under European sanctions. The State Research Institute of Organic Chemistry and Technology was also sanctioned. Western intelligence agencies say the agency developed and manufactured the Novichok nerve agent, which was used in the poisoning of Alexey Navalny.