Sociologists: there are more and more people in the world who doubt vaccines

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Sociologists: there are more and more people in the world who doubt vaccines
Sociologists: there are more and more people in the world who doubt vaccines
14 March, 12:30SocietyPhoto: Toronto Star
Polls have shown that two years after the start of the pandemic, covid is still perceived by people as a dangerous disease. However, the willingness to sacrifice their rights in order to fight the virus is gradually decreasing, and doubts about the effectiveness of vaccines are growing.

Two years ago, on March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the coronavirus a global pandemic. At the end of 2021, the international association Gallup International and the research holding Romir (the association's exclusive representative in Russia and the CIS countries) conducted a survey to find out how people's attitudes towards the coronavirus have changed. The study, which involved residents of 45 countries around the world, showed that

  • half of the respondents (49%) doubt the efficacy of vaccines. 43% are confident in their effectiveness. In Russia, the share of those who are uncertain about the effectiveness of the vaccine is 52%. Most doubters are in Albania (86%), Ghana (73%), the Philippines (68%), Kenya and Palestine (67% each), and Pakistan (66%). Africa leads among the regions - 64% of respondents doubt the effectiveness of anti-covid vaccines. Residents of Australia (78%), Spain (67%), Great Britain (63%), Italy (61%) and Austria (58%) do not doubt the effectiveness of vaccination. Among the regions, the EU leads - 53%;
  • 44% of people around the world believe that the threat from the coronavirus is exaggerated. About half (49%) disagree with this statement. In Russia, 52% of the population believes that the threat is not exaggerated (in 2020 - 60%). The opposite opinion, as in 2020, is held by about a third of the population (2021 - 30%, 2020 - 32%). The perception that the threat is exaggerated is most common in the Middle East (61%), West Asia (55%), Africa (53%) and European countries outside the EU (50%). People in the Philippines (69%), Nigeria (67%), Palestine (66%), India and Moldova (65% each) and Pakistan (63%) agree with this. They do not agree that the threat of coronavirus is exaggerated in Latin America (62%), the EU (61%), East Asia (53%). They believe in a real threat of the virus in Vietnam (79%), Australia and Mexico (78% each), Albania (77%), Spain (74%) and Japan (72%);
  • the willingness to sacrifice one's rights in order to fight the virus still prevails, but it is decreasing compared to the first pandemic year (-10 p.p.). In 2021, 60% of people around the world said they were willing to sacrifice some of their rights if it would help prevent the spread of the coronavirus. Not ready - 31%. Difficult to answer 9%. A year ago, 70% of respondents agreed to give up part of their rights, a quarter of the respondents disagreed with this. In Russia, the number of those willing to sacrifice their rights prevails (46% vs 38%). However, compared to 2020, their share has decreased due to an increase in the number of doubters. If in 2020 there were 54% of those who agreed, and 8% of those who had doubts, then at the end of 2021 they were 46% and 17%, respectively;
  • most willing to donate in the Middle East (75%), Africa (65%) and Asia (62% in the western part of the continent and 61% in the east). Among the population of the countries of the world - in Vietnam (93%), Iraq (84%), Pakistan (81%), India (80%) and the Philippines (77%). Residents of Latin America (40%) and the EU (35%) are not ready to sacrifice human rights. Among the countries are residents of Albania (66%), Japan (58%), Mexico (54%), Poland (48%) and Kazakhstan (45%).

Here is how Andrei Milekhin, Vice President of Gallup International and President Romir, Doctor of Sociological Sciences, comments on the results of the survey:

“The pandemic is not the root cause of people losing confidence in vaccination. The globalization of information has led to a sharp increase in its volume and a decrease in quality. And this is not only a Russian problem. The remaining unvaccinated part of the population is very heterogeneous. Many refuse the domestic vaccine, someone is afraid of vaccination, and someone does not see a threat to themselves personally and believes in their immunity. For each group, it is necessary to find its own system of argumentation".

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