At the same time, Mr. Kravtsov kept silent about the nature of the problems, which have become a headache as well as for children, parents and teachers.
...Just while starting to write this article, I received another message from the school where my daughter is studying: “Now during the lesson the Internet hanged out and we were thrown out of the conference. Those who did not have time to pass the tasks, please send it to the Google-class in the written form".
This means that the “technical problems” will force the child to spend extra time at the computer and add some time to their homework. For those who are not in the know, I’ll explain: distance learning - these are ordinary lessons, but with extra workload. At 9 o’clock in the morning, by the beginning of the first lesson, the child should be at the computer, otherwise he will not get to a video conference, or a virtual lesson. In this lesson, the child must answer the teacher's questions and complete assignments, and then submit them electronically. Some teachers, especially mathematicians, can calculate the volume of tasks in accordance with the time allotted for the lesson. Others simply write a set of exercises, not realizing that a child in elementary school simply does not have time to complete them in 40 minutes. As a result, the child, instead of changing in a state of excitement, completes the immense task given to him in the lesson. After that, he should photograph the completed task and attach it to Google class. Then, without rest, without even switching, the student switches to a video conference of another lesson. If he is late, they may not let him in. Everything is like in a regular school, there are no concessions. As a result, stress has become a common condition of children in distance learning. The “crashed” Internet is, by the way, the least of evils at the “distance”. For example, do you imagine what it is like for a 10-year-old child to write two dictations for a Russian language lesson for assessment, while there is practically no sound and the teacher dictating the task is almost inaudible? The daughter wrote such a dictation and cried ...
But this is not the biggest problem. Children in the morning and stay up late sitting at the computer. Because after the standard 5-6 lessons, you still have to do your homework. And in addition to it - something that they did not have time to finish in the lesson, stuffed with tasks. And all this in conditions of self-isolation, without walks and fresh air. By the way, the recommendations to self-isolate at the cottage with a student remotely child led many to ruin on the accounts for video conferencing on the Internet.
How many hours a day can a teenager spend at a computer?
“The teenager should work in the following mode: 40 minutes at the computer screen, then - 20 minutes break. The child should walk, look into the distance, be distracted. If you sit at the computer continuously, you can earn or exacerbate myopia, there will be a spasm of accommodation - in general, quite serious vision problems. In total, a teenager should not spend more than 6 hours a day on a computer. Going beyond this time frame may have little predictable consequences, ”said NI, MD. pediatric department of the clinic of the Institute of Eye Diseases. Helmholtz Lyudmila Kogoleva.
“There are children who are strictly forbidden to spend a lot of time at the computer due to health-related circumstances. But if we are talking about the average teenager without any obvious contraindications, then the time at the computer can vary from 2 to 6 hours a day. If a teenager, for example, sits at a computer all day until evening, this can threaten not only his eyesight, but also his mental state, ” said Irina R., a pediatrician at the district children's clinic.
Distance learning has created a lot of problems not only for children. If the child is on a “distance”, parents, who are also, in most cases, transferred to the period of self-isolation for remote work, are forced to constantly solve technical problems.
From comments on social networks.
Lor Romanova : “I have three schoolchildren, and I can not physically master all of this, like many mothers; and for the children this is really hard, I want to cry”
Irina Vanyan : “We have two children, 5th and 1st grade, and the sound is not awful, and everyone is in the same room, even though each has its own computer. And the volume of tasks is large!”
Pavel Lapin : “And where does it say that in every family, for every child, at the expense of the parents, there should be a computer with Internet access?”
In the context of distance learning, teachers behaved differently. Some conduct lessons as in a regular school, without making discounts and concessions. Others, in fact, turned the arrows on their parents, minimizing explanations in the lesson. But on the house - immense material for "independent development." Of course, with parents. Because a 10-year-old child is not able to independently figure out what, for example, “external respiration” is and why alveoli are needed, as well as how they are arranged (this is from the course of the “Environment” for grade 4). You need to know this in order to write a test paper. True, when writing it, the teacher allows you to use the textbook and notebook. What is the meaning of such controls? In reporting and ticking?
In social networks, many are now asking the question: “Is it possible to refuse distance learning at all?” We addressed this issue to lawyer Yuri Zadorozhny . “According to paragraph 7 of Art. 28 Federal Law “On Education in the Russian Federation”, an educational organization is responsible for failure to perform or improper performance of functions within its competence: for the implementation of incomplete educational programs in accordance with the curriculum; for the quality of education of their graduates, for the life and health of students, for violation or illegal restriction of the right to education. In the current situation, the transfer to distance education is a necessary measure. Each educational institution, within the framework of the law, develops provisions on distance education and the procedure for switching to it. You need to personally negotiate the nuances of training with the class teacher or principal. In this case, the responsibility will rest with the parent, ”the lawyer explained. That is, it is theoretically possible to abandon the "distance". But if your child receives “annual” deuces as a result and is not transferred to the next class, you, of course, will be to blame for this, parents. If the video conferencing is bad and the children don’t hear the dictation, then again the parents are to blame. The school, in my experience, does not consider it necessary to do anything to help the child or correct the situation.
From comments on social networks.
Rena Ibrahimova : “This is an experiment. And we are experimental. This is all so disgusting ... We torment children and teachers. How much can you scoff at us! ”
Natalya Novakova : “We signed a petition distributed over the networks against distance learning. Everyone already understands: coronavirus, distance education, passes, QR codes - these are all links in one chain, the ultimate goal of which is the creation of a digital concentration camp. ”
Meanwhile, distance learning has already been practically approved at the state level. The Russian Ministry of Education announced that they are ready to deal with the legislative regulation of distance education. The head of the department, Sergey Kravtsov, called on experts and interested departments to join this process. Prior to this, the speaker of the Federation Council, Valentina Matvienko, spoke about the need to consolidate the status of distance education.
Leaders of different levels have long and persistently told us about the delights of distance education and artificial intelligence. “And we do not need math schools. In my opinion, this is a relic of the past. I am a categorical opponent of mathematical schools, because mathematical schools are where people are selected and stuffed with one single subject. That was the case in the Soviet Union, and it seems to me that this is not a very good experience, ” says German Gref, head of Sberbank.
“What are we suffering from? This is an overcrowding of knowledge and a lack of skills in training. As an employer, we primarily want to get people with skills, because the knowledge, the vastness of this knowledge is secondary,” said the head of Sberbank, discussing student programs with a number of universities that will be in demand in the labor market. The question arises: what does the head of Sberbank have to do with education? In what quality does he give recommendations on the choice of training programs? One can, of course, assume that on the basis that Herman Gref's wife, Jan, is the owner of a private school. It’s quite a normal school, not burdened with programs for the development of “artificial intelligence”, where, by the way, are the best teachers from the top Moscow schools lured? Why is the education of the wife of the head of Sberbank in a private school so different from German Gref's recommendations? Everything is simple. According to Forbes, in this school both daughters study at the Grefs, Gref’s granddaughter, the daughter of his eldest son Oleg, goes to kindergarten there.
It turns out that German Gref differently represents the education that his children and everyone else should get?
“Our children are turning into some biorobots. Serious knowledge and programs are replaced by tests and games, introduce a digital assessment, remove real exams, remove human communication. The goal is to finally switch to the digital profile of students. All the collected information will subsequently accompany a person throughout his life, will form the basis of the electronic work book and the entire so-called digital footprint, the entire digital profile of a citizen who is also being prepared. All this will lead to the formation of a person of service, for the fulfillment of certain tasks, ”said Olga Chetverikova , candidate of historical sciences, director of the Center for Geopolitics of the Institute for Fundamental and Applied Research of Moscow State University on the air of the YouTube channel Studio Rubezh.
There is also a pragmatic economic subtext in everything that happens. Distance education makes it possible to replace teachers with a set of lectures or, as is happening now in most cases, by shifting the education of children to the shoulders of their parents. And it’s nothing that you don’t understand anything in anatomy or astronomy - life will teach. By the way, according to the information of the co-chair of the Interregional Teachers' Union of Marina Balueva, on April 21 a message was received that the leadership of St. Petersburg and the Leningrad Region was already planning an “adjustment” of the education budget. Of course, downward. “The heads of administrations and directors were ordered to make proposals, and they already helpfully offer, no, not dismissal (what you, how can you!)“ Suspend vacant rates. ” I’m explaining it separately to the managers ’verbal balancing act: if you load work at two rates for one employee, then the next rate will immediately become“ vacant, ”then you will figure out what's what,” explained Marina Balueva.
What will happen next? You know, I'm an optimist. But in my opinion, this is an educational dead end.