We land instinctively... What will happen to Russian aviation after the GPS system is turned off

We land instinctively... What will happen to Russian aviation after the GPS system is turned off
We land instinctively... What will happen to Russian aviation after the GPS system is turned off
22 April, 13:31TechnologyPhoto: Соцсети
Russian pilots will be able to fly planes without the American satellite navigation system, but it needs to be replaced urgently.

The Russian media and social networks are excited by the news that the Federal Air Transport Agency has recommended that airlines prepare for flights without the use of GPS, since this American global satellite system can disable and jam signals, as well as their substitution, when flying in the Kaliningrad region, over the Black Sea , east of Finland and the Mediterranean. However, according to Izvestia , experts believe that the recommendation to prepare does not mean a ban on the use of GPS.

It is possible to do without GPS, but it is difficult

Earlier, the Federal Air Transport Agency reported that nothing would change for passengers when flying without using GPS, since it is not the main means of navigation, there is an alternative system on aircraft. The carriers themselves, however, did not notice any deterioration in navigation after February 24th.

Honored Pilot of the Russian Federation Vadim Bazykin, in an interview with Gazeta.Ru , called the possible disconnection of Russia from GPS "critical" for flights:

“People haven’t learned anything else for a long time. Now they are taken to the Federal Air Transport Agency according to other criteria. The first is knowledge of the English language, and the second is the ability to manage a computer. If third-generation aircraft were controlled by pilots, then the current ones are controlled by a computer. The pilot controls the computer. Everything is on this GPS system. I think that within two weeks, a month, you can master it, and for someone, refresh your memory of how we used to fly. I think that this is critical, as long as there is no method of flight training."

Bazykin argues that there are navigation devices that allow aircraft to fly without GPS, but if Russia does not introduce its own satellite system, this will be a step backwards.

And where is the promised GLONASS?

Network analyst Anatoly Nesmiyan rightly remarks on this subject:

“But what about GLONASS? And what are "traditional navigational aids?" A pack of "Belomor", an atlas of roads or just a good memory of a pilot? The path from the 21st century to the twentieth is very short - two months and hello. Some sort of time machine. And, unfortunately, only in one direction ... "

Popular blogger Alexander Gorbunov "Stalingulag" recalls an old anecdote:

“- In general, look: do you see that star? We fly along it, and then sharply goes to the right!

— Will we get to Vladivostok exactly like this?

- Let's get in! Vladivostok is big, we won’t miss…”

Meanwhile, the head of Roscosmos, Dmitry Rogozin, suggested in his channel to the Ministry of Transport that it is mandatory to replace American GPS navigation in civilian aircraft with Russian GLONASS and Chinese Beidou receivers.

So what happens to the highly publicized GLONASS that was promised to Russian pilots back in the 2000s?

This Russian space navigation system initially used Glonass satellites developed back in the USSR, which in 2011 began to be changed to more modern Glonass-K1, which would allow GLONASS to compete with GPS. But after the beginning of the events in Ukraine in 2014, the first sanctions against Russia were introduced, and GLONASS, as a military system, also fell under them. It turned out that the lion's share of components in its satellites are foreign-made. The situation should have been corrected by 2018 through full import substitution, but this was not possible. It was not possible to create a replacement for the old satellites by 2020, although the name for them had already been invented - "K2". It is worth noting that for the full functioning of the system, 24 satellites must be present in orbit at the same time, not counting the backup ones. Analysts write that by the middle of 2021, not only 24, but even two satellites of the GLONASS system were not in space.

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