China has identified a new type of henipavirus that affects the liver and kidneys

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China has identified a new type of henipavirus that affects the liver and kidneys
China has identified a new type of henipavirus that affects the liver and kidneys
8 August, 17:31In the worldPhoto: Медиахолдинг1Mi
Chinese scientists have identified a new type of henipavirus in the country that can infect humans. 35 people have already fallen ill with the new infection.

As Kommersant notes with reference to Chinese media data, the virus, detected in the provinces of Shandong and Henan, affects the human liver and kidneys. The disease, named Lanye virus (LayV), is thought to be similar to the highly lethal Nipah virus and the Mojiang virus, which was previously identified in China's Yunnan province.

“It has not yet been established whether the virus can be transmitted from person to person,” the report said.

Scientists have published an article in a scientific journal on a new type of henipavirus. The authors of the study indicated that the LayV genome consists of 18,402 nucleotides.

Those infected with the new virus have fever, weakness, vomiting, fatigue, anorexia, cough, and muscle pain. In the patient's body, thrombocytopenia and leukopenia (a decrease in the number of platelets and leukocytes) develops, the functioning of the liver and kidneys is disrupted.

Lanye virus was originally found in shrews, goats, and dogs. However, now people have begun to get sick of them.

So far, doctors have not identified cases among relatives of infected patients, but concerns are raised by the fact that previously studied types of henipavirus - Nipah and Hendra - after infecting people from bats, could be transmitted from person to person. A vaccine for the new disease has not yet been developed. Patients receive only symptomatic care. Meanwhile, the creation of a vaccine is necessary: genipaviruses are very dangerous for people, since they have a complex pathological effect on the body, causing both inflammation of the brain and respiratory infections. Today, from 40% to 75% of patients die from the studied types of henipavirus. This level of mortality significantly exceeds the danger of coronavirus. Last year, Russian scientists learned how to detect the Nipah virus using a specially designed test.

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