The USSR war with the last ally of fascist Germany - Japan, which did not surrender after May 9, 1945, started three months later - on August 9, 1945. More than 1.7 million Soviet troops took part in the hostilities, more than 12 thousand of them died. During the war with Japan, Soviet troops liberated almost all of Manchuria - northeastern China, North Korea, southern Sakhalin, and the Kuril Islands. After that, the south of Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands became part of the USSR and inherited after its disintegration by the inheritance of Russia, and therefore it is even more strange that the majority of Russians did not remember the last war with Japan to such an extent that disputes about the date of its end are still being debated.
In historiography, it is generally accepted that World War II ended on September 2, 1945. On this day, an unconditional surrender of Japan was signed on board the American battleship Missouri, and Soviet representatives also took part in the ceremony. However, individual hostilities continued even until September 10, which became the day of the complete surrender and capture of the Kwantung Army, and Soviet troops remained in northeast China until May 1946. The fighting on the Kuril Islands completely ended on September 5, 1945. Nevertheless, during the reign of Joseph Stalin, for some reason, the end date of the war on September 3 was chosen. She was knocked out on commemorative medals and she is also approved as the date of victory today.
Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a federal law to postpone the end date of World War II to September 3, RIA Novosti reports . "The Federal Law" On Days of Military Glory "the following changes:". September 3 - the day the Second World War (1945) ", - stated in the decree is not excluded that this day may pass Victory Parade transferred to 9 May in connection with the coronavirus pandemic.
The postponement of the victory date in World War II to September 3 earlier caused criticism in society, since September 3 is also the memory date of the victims of the terrorist attack in a school in the city of Beslan in 2004, which killed 333 people, mostly children.