The British consulting firm Maplecroft has calculated a risk index (Cities@Risk) for the world's major cities and compiled lists of the most dangerous and safest of them. Risks were assessed in four key components: crime, civil unrest, armed conflict and terrorism. In total, 579 urban centers with a population of more than 1 million people were included in the ranking.
Residents in 22% of the world's largest cities are at high or extreme risk due to a combination of all these problems. More than 75% of cities have high or extreme risk scores for at least one indicator. The top 100 dangerous cities included 33 cities from North and South America, 33 from Africa, 19 from Asia, 14 from the Near and Middle East and one from Europe.
The most dangerous region is Latin America: 62 of the 100 most dangerous cities are located here. This is explained by the fact that Latin America remains the center of transnational drug trafficking, where powerful criminal groups operate. engaged in illegal drug trafficking.
The most dangerous city in the world is Kabul. The top ten also included Mogadishu (Somalia); Kali (Colombia); Sanaa (Yemen); Port-au-Prince (Haiti); Aleppo (Syria); Medellin (Colombia); Kaduna (Nigeria); Maracaibo and Barquisimeto (Venezuela). These are cities that are dangerous to be in due to long-standing conflicts, terrorism, high crime and large-scale civil unrest.
Among the 20 cities in which the risk index increased the most in the last quarter are three Ukrainian cities: Kiev, Kharkov and Odessa.
The most criminogenic cities in the United States named Baltimore (51st), Memphis (59), Jacksonville (70). Several of the most disadvantaged cities are in South Africa: Cape Town, Ekurhuleni, Johannesburg and Pretoria.
The safest region in the world is East Asia. The top ten safest places are the Japanese cities of Shizuoka-Hamamatsu, Sendai and Hiroshima, and Swiss Zurich. The top 20 most prosperous included such European cities as Oslo, Porto, Dublin, Rotterdam and Stockholm.